process plant

Biofuels - Sustainable Hydrocarbon fuels

Biogas, a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide, is formed by the action of bacteria on organic matter in the absence of oxygen (known as anaerobic conditions). This is the ideal input for the SPOCC Reactor which converts it to syngas, which existing processes can convert into biofuels.

If waste organic matter is used as the raw material, then this provides a sustainable route to the production of fuel for aviation, marine and commercial vehicles. The product has a negative carbon footprint.

For the foreseeable future, hydrocarbon fuel will be needed to power aircraft. Electric planes are viable for shorter distances and lighter payloads, but not for most journeys. What is needed is a net zero method for making aviation fuel, and the image below outlines such a route incorporating the SPOCC Reactor.

Carbon Dioxide Looping

Energy is needed to break the carbon-oxygen bond in carbon dioxide. Reactions in the above cycle break down CO2 at 2 places.

  1. In plants, photosynthesis uses energy from the sun to convert CO2 into sugars, which can be used by the plant to make the organic matter it needs.
  2. In the SPOCC Reactor where the reaction of methane with oxygen at elevated temperature powers the breakdown of CO2.

 


hydrogen

hydrogen

Large-scale hydrogen production has a huge carbon footprint. Processes start with methane, and all of the carbon ends up as CO2.

The SPOCC Reactor can take that CO2, add methane and air to produce syngas, without using external energy. A wide range of chemicals can be made, and all the carbon is captured as useful products. For more information.


SPOCC Reactor

SPOCC Reactor

This reacts carbon dioxide, methane and air to produce bulk chemicals with no external energy input. The two major greenhouse gases are converted into useful chemicals.

We call it the SPOCC Reactor, a self-powered CO2 converter. It takes the energy from reacting methane and air, and uses it to breakdown carbon dioxide. It uses fuel cell technology, as heat alone does not provide enough energy. Take a look to see how the patented technology works.