process plant


SPOCC Reactor

Some of the largest chemical manufacturing processes result in the massive release of greenhouse gasses. Today’s problem is how to deal with them.

Our SPOCC Reactor has been designed to transform the efficiency and environmental impact of the production of hydrogen and other bulk chemicals in manufacturing plants. Our reactor provides an elegant solution to eliminating CO2 emissions, and is scalable to match large or small industrial requirements.

The SPOCC Reactor combines carbon dioxide with methane and air at elevated temperature to produce useful chemicals. Once the reaction is up to working temperature, it becomes self sustaining, so no external energy is needed. The technology is patented.

CO2 conversion

Methane reacts with air in a fuel cell, and the energy produced drives the reaction between carbon dioxide and methane in an electrolysis cell. The reactions are listed below.

The SPOCC Reactor makes syngas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, which is known as a 'platform chemical' as it can be used to make a large number of other chemicals. The Fischer-Tropsch process was first developed in 1923, and this converts syngas into a wide range of hydrocarbons and alcohols. If the SPOCC Reactor is added to an existing hydrogen production plant, then a truly huge range of chemicals can be made. Refer to the section on hydrogen production.

Possible applications for the SPOCC Reactor:-

  • Large-scale hydrogen production uses methane as a raw material, and produces vast quantities of carbon dioxide as a byproduct.
  • Biogas to biofuels. Biogas is a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide.
  • Natural gas extracted in remote locations has to be converted to liquid for transportation. It often contains large amounts of carbon dioxide.
  • Natural gas power stations.
  • Cement works.

There are 3 reactions:-

Fuel cell:- CH4 + ½O2 = CO + 2H2 + electricity + some heat

Electrolyser:- electricity + heat + CH4 + CO2 = 2CO + 2H2

Direct:- 2CH4 + O2 = 2CO + 4H2 + heat

Overall:- 2CH4 + CO2 + ½O2 = 3CO + 4H2


The controlled direct reaction provides heat to counter the endothermic reactions, and also helps to prevent carbon deposition at the electrodes.


Please contact Ken Omersa if you'd like more information; phone and email details are provided here.


hydrogen_production

Sustainable Hydrogen

'Green' hydrogen, produced by water electrolysis is desirable, but also very energy intensive. Huge amounts of hydrogen are made by the 'grey' hydrogen route, which emits CO2. Read how the SPOCC Reactor could make this method sustainable.


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Biofuels from Biogas

Anaerobic digesters convert organic matter into a mixture of methane and CO2. The SPOCC Reactor can be used as part of a route to produce sustainable biofuels. For an explanation.


methane_bubbles

Sources of Methane

Methane is everywhere because it is released by decaying organic matter. Unfortunately, it is also a very potent greenhouse gas. The presence of vast amounts of methane hydrate below ground makes its release potentially catastrophic. The SPOCC Reactor is a potential solution to this problem.