process plant

SPOCC Reactor

Some of the largest chemical manufacturing processes result in the massive release of greenhouse gasses. Today’s problem is how to deal with them.

Our SPOCC Reactor has been designed to transform the efficiency and environmental impact of the production of hydrogen and other bulk chemicals in manufacturing plants. Our reactor provides an elegant solution to eliminating CO2 emissions, and is scalable to match large or small industrial requirements.

The SPOCC Reactor combines carbon dioxide with methane and air at elevated temperature to produce useful chemicals. Once the reaction is up to working temperature, it becomes self sustaining, so no external energy is needed. The technology is patented.

CO2 conversion

Methane reacts with air in a fuel cell, and the energy produced drives the reaction between carbon dioxide and methane in an electrolysis cell. The reactions are listed below.

The product is syngas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, which can be used to make a vast array of chemicals.

Possible applications for the SPOCC Reactor:-

  • Large-scale hydrogen production uses methane as a raw material, and produces vast quantities of carbon dioxide as a byproduct.
  • Biogas to biofuels. Biogas is a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide.
  • Natural gas extracted in remote locations has to be converted to liquid for transportation. It often contains large amounts of carbon dioxide.
  • Natural gas power stations.
  • Cement works.

There are 3 reactions:-

Fuel cell:- CH4 + ½O2 = CO + 2H2 + electricity + some heat

Electrolyser:- electricity + heat + CH4 + CO2 = 2CO + 2H2

Direct:- 2CH4 + O2 = 2CO + 4H2 + heat

Overall:- 2CH4 + CO2 + ½O2 = 3CO + 4H2


The controlled direct reaction provides heat to counter the endothermic reactions, and also helps to prevent carbon deposition at the electrodes.


Please contact Ken Omersa if you'd like more information; phone and email details are provided here.


hydrogen

hydrogen

The world needs hydrogen to decarbonise human activity, but current hydrogen production is based on methane, and this releases CO2. Omnagen’s SPOCC Reactor can re-use that CO2 by reacting it with methane and air at elevated temperature: once at temperature, the reactions are self-sustaining.

Large-scale hydrogen production reacts methane with steam to make hydrogen plus CO2. This is known as 'grey' hydrogen, and according to the IEA releases 830Mt/year of CO2 into the atmosphere. This is more than the combined total emissions of the UK and France. It is not only a large contribution towards global warming, but also a wasted resource, because the chemical industry needs carbon to make its products.

This one application of the SPOCC Reactor has the potential to save 2.2% of global CO2 emissions!

For more information


Biofuels

Biofuels

The SPOCC Reactor provides a route for converting biogas into biofuels, with no emissions.

Biogas, a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide, is formed by the action of bacteria on organic matter in the absence of oxygen (known as anaerobic conditions). This is the ideal input for the SPOCC Reactor which converts it to syngas, which existing processes can convert into biofuels.

If waste organic matter is used as the raw material, then this provides a sustainable route to the production of fuel for aviation, marine and commercial vehicles. The product has a negative carbon footprint. This would allow airports and airlines to continue using their existing infrastructure. For more information.